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If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
By Google Books, ngram viewer Bayern was the more common spelling from ca. So it doesn't seem like one can state that Baiern is the original spelling, and there's no source or reference for the statement anyway.
It could be that the spelling Baiern became more popular because of Adelung' dictionary in which it reads: Juni officielle Schreibart: So the date is questionable.
He was defeated near Augsburg in but continued to rule until his death in He initially ruled under Frankish oversight but began to function independently from onwards.
He was particularly noted for founding new monasteries and for expanding eastwards, fighting Slavs in the eastern Alps and along the River Danube and colonising these lands.
After , however, his cousin Charlemagne began to pressure Tassilo to submit and finally deposed him in The deposition was not entirely legitimate.
The king had to drag Tassilo out of imprisonment to formally renounce his rights and titles at the Assembly of Frankfurt in This is the last appearance of Tassilo in the sources, and he probably died a monk.
As all of his family were also forced into monasteries, this was the end of the Agilolfing dynasty. For the next years numerous families held the duchy, rarely for more than three generations.
With the revolt of duke Henry the Quarrelsome in , Bavaria lost large territories in the south and south east.
The territory of Ostarrichi was elevated to a duchy in its own right and given to the Babenberger family. This event marks the founding of Austria.
The last, and one of the most important, of the dukes of Bavaria was Henry the Lion of the house of Welf , founder of Munich, and de facto the second most powerful man in the empire as the ruler of two duchies.
They ruled for years, from to The Electorate of the Palatinate by Rhine Kurpfalz in German was also acquired by the House of Wittelsbach in , which they would subsequently hold for six centuries.
The first of several divisions of the duchy of Bavaria occurred in With the extinction of the Hohenstaufen in , Swabian territories were acquired by the Wittelsbach dukes.
In the 14th and 15th centuries, upper and lower Bavaria were repeatedly subdivided. Four Duchies existed after the division of In with the Landshut War of Succession , the other parts of Bavaria were reunited, and Munich became the sole capital.
In the Bavarian duke replaced his relative of the Palatinate branch, the Electorate of the Palatinate in the early days of the Thirty Years' War and acquired the powerful prince-electoral dignity in the Holy Roman Empire , determining its Emperor thence forward, as well as special legal status under the empire's laws.
The country became one of the Jesuit-supported counter-reformation centers. During the early and midth century the ambitions of the Bavarian prince electors led to several wars with Austria as well as occupations by Austria War of the Spanish Succession , election of a Wittelsbach emperor instead of a Habsburger.
From onwards and after the younger Bavarian branch of the family had died out with elector Max III Joseph , Bavaria and the Electorate of the Palatinate were governed once again in personal union , now by the Palatinian lines.
The new state also comprised the Duchies of Jülich and Berg as these on their part were in personal union with the Palatinate.
The Duchy of Berg was given to Jerome Bonaparte. In return Bavaria was allowed to annex the modern-day region of Palatinate to the west of the Rhine and Franconia in Between and , the leading minister, Count Montgelas , followed a strict policy of modernisation; he laid the foundations of administrative structures that survived the monarchy and retain core validity in the 21st century.
In May a first constitution was passed by Maximilian I ,  being modernized in That constitution was followed until the collapse of the monarchy at the end of World War I.
After the rise of Prussia to power, Bavaria preserved its independence by playing off the rivalries of Prussia and Austria.
Allied to Austria, it was defeated in the Austro-Prussian War and did not belong to the North German Federation of , but the question of German unity was still alive.
Bavaria continued as a monarchy, and it had some special rights within the federation such as an army, railways, postal service and a diplomatic body of its own.
When Bavaria became part of the newly formed German Empire, this action was considered controversial by Bavarian nationalists who had wanted to retain independence, as Austria had.
As Bavaria had a majority-Catholic population, many people resented being ruled by the mostly Protestant northerners of Prussia.
As a direct result of the Bavarian-Prussian feud, political parties formed to encourage Bavaria to break away and regain its independence. In the early 20th century, Wassily Kandinsky , Paul Klee , Henrik Ibsen , and other artists were drawn to Bavaria, especially to the Schwabing district of Munich, a center of international artistic activity.
This area was devastated by bombing and invasion during World War II. Free State has been an adopted designation after the abolition of monarchy in the aftermath of World War I in several German states.
On 12 November , Ludwig III signed a document, the Anif declaration , releasing both civil and military officers from their oaths; the newly formed republican government , or "People's State" of Socialist premier Kurt Eisner ,  interpreted this as an abdication.
To date, however, no member of the House of Wittelsbach has ever formally declared renunciation of the throne. Family members are active in cultural and social life, including the head of the house, Franz, Duke of Bavaria.
They step back from any announcements on public affairs, showing approval or disapproval solely by Franz's presence or absence. Eisner was assassinated in February , ultimately leading to a Communist revolt and the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic being proclaimed 6 April The Rhenish Palatinate was detached from Bavaria in and made part of the new state Rhineland-Palatinate.
The Bavarian Parliament did not sign the Basic Law of Germany , mainly because it was seen as not granting sufficient powers to the individual Länder , but at the same time decided that it would still come into force in Bavaria if two-thirds of the other Länder ratified it.
All of the other Länder ratified it, and so it became law. Bavarians have often emphasized a separate national identity and considered themselves as "Bavarians" first, "Germans" second.
Nowadays, aside from the minority Bavaria Party , most Bavarians accept that Bavaria is part of Germany. Franconia in the north, speaking East Franconian German ; Bavarian Swabia in the south west, speaking Swabian German ; and Altbayern so-called "Old Bavaria", the regions forming the "historic", pentagon-shaped Bavaria before the acquisitions through the Vienna Congress, at present the districts of the Upper Palatinate, Lower and Upper Bavaria speaking Austro-Bavarian.
In Munich, the Old Bavarian dialect was widely spread, but nowadays High German is predominantly spoken there. Uniquely among German states, Bavaria has two official flags of equal status, one with a white and blue stripe, the other with white and blue lozenges.
Either may be used by civilians and government offices, who are free to choose between them. The modern coat of arms of Bavaria was designed by Eduard Ege in , following heraldic traditions.
Because all of these countries are part of the Schengen Area , the border is completely open. Two major rivers flow through the state: The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria including the Austrian federal-states of Vorarlberg, Tyrol and Salzburg , and within the range is the highest peak in Germany: The geographic centre of the European Union is located in the north-western corner of Bavaria.
Bavaria is divided into 7 administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke singular Regierungsbezirk. Bezirke districts are the third communal layer in Bavaria; the others are the Landkreise and the Gemeinden or Städte.
The Bezirke in Bavaria are territorially identical with the Regierungsbezirke , but they are self-governing regional corporation, having their own parliaments.
In the other larger states of Germany, there are Regierungsbezirke which are only administrative divisions and not self-governing entities as the Bezirke in Bavaria.
The second communal layer exists out of 71 rural districts called Landkreise , singular Landkreis that are comparable to counties.
They share the same administrative responsibilities as the 25 independent cities Kreisfreie Städte , singular Kreisfreie Stadt.
The 71 administrative districts are on the lowest level divided into 2, regular municipalities called Gemeinden , singular Gemeinde.
Together with the 25 independent cities kreisfreie Städte , which are in effect municipalities independent of Landkreis administrations , there are a total of 2, municipalities in Bavaria.
In 44 of the 71 administrative districts, there are a total of unincorporated areas as of 1 January , called gemeindefreie Gebiete , singular gemeindefreies Gebiet , not belonging to any municipality, all uninhabited, mostly forested areas, but also four lakes Chiemsee -without islands, Starnberger See -without island Roseninsel , Ammersee , which are the three largest lakes of Bavaria, and Waginger See.
Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung  . The German Greens and the center-right Free Voters have been represented in the state parliament since and respectively.
However, in the subsequent elections the CSU lost the absolute majority for the first time in 46 years. The last state elections were held on 14 October in which the CSU lost its absolute majority in the state parliament in part due to the party's stances as part of the federal government, winning The Greens who had surged in the polls leading up to the election have replaced the social-democratic SPD as the second biggest force in the Landtag with The SPD lost over half of its previous share compared to with a mere 9.
Also entering the new parliament will be the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany AfD withEs begann ein wirtschaftlicher Aufschwung und eine Entwicklung vom Agrarstaat zum modernen Industriestaat. Ottilien, Universität Zurich , S. Bekannt ist vor allem der lange Streit zwischen den Franken und den Altbayern um die angebliche Ungleichbehandlung der Franken durch die Bayern. Nächste Veranstaltung in und um München Workshop: Die Beherbergungsindustrie spielt in Bayern mit A qualitative analysis to understand the acceptance of wind energy in Bavaria. Ankünften und 88,1 Mio. Manchmal wurden Gemeinden in bestehende Gemeinden eingemeindet, manchmal wurde auch eine neue Gemeinde gebildet. Bibliothekssaal der Staatlichen Münzsammlung München , Residenzstr. Bayern ist mit rund Museen das museumsreichste Bundesland Deutschlands und eine der museumsreichsten Regionen des Kontinents. Bayern ist demnach Freistaat Republik und Volksstaat Demokratie. Amts- und Verkehrssprache ist Deutsch. Dieser historisch-korrekte Text ist auch heute noch die offizielle Version ersten beiden Strophen , wird in Schulen gelehrt sowie zu offiziellen und staatlichen Veranstaltungen gespielt. Bekannt ist vor allem der lange Streit zwischen den Franken und den Altbayern um die angebliche Ungleichbehandlung der Franken durch die Bayern. Januar existiert nach der Abschaffung des Senats ein parlamentarisches Einkammersystem. Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Vokabeln in der Vokabelliste nur online casino schweiz novoline diesem Browser zur Star city casino 3 bedroom apartment stehen. August ist nur in Gemeinden mit wetten dass erfurt 2019 katholischer Bevölkerung ein gesetzlicher Feiertag. Bei den kreisfreien Städten ist im Gegensatz dazu eine Vollkommunalisierung gegeben, da ihnen die Aufgaben der unteren staatlichen Verwaltungsbehörde zur selbstständigen Erledigung übertragen werden. Manche Grenzregionen sind durch Wettbewerbsvorteile in den Nachbarstaaten einesteils und mangelnde Infrastruktur andernteils von Subventionen abhängig.